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Business-Managed Democracy

“Business-managed democracies are those in which the political and cultural arrangements are managed in the interests of business”

Sharon Beder

Business-Managed Education


Advertising in Schools’, Times Education Supplement, 25 June, 2004.

American Academy of Pediatrics, 2006, ‘Children, Adolescents, and Advertising’, Pediatrics, vol 118, no 6.

Austin, E. W., Chen, Y.-C. Y., Pinkleton, B. E. and Johnson, J. q. 2006, ‘Benefits and Costs of Channel One in a Middle School Setting and the Role of Media-Literacy Training’, Pediatrics 117(3), ppe423-e33.

Balbach, Edith D. and Glantz, Stanton A. 1995, ‘Tobacco Information in Two Grade School Newsweeklies: A Content Analysis’, American Journal of Public Health 85(12).

Baird, Julia, 2001, ‘Mcschool: How Good Burghers Raise Funds’, Sydney Morning Herald, 1 August.

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Briefing on School's Role in Promoting Child Health and Combating Commercialism’, National Union of Teachers, 9 November 2004.

Callaghan, Ruth, 2001, ‘No Business Like Kid Business’, The West Australan, 10 June.

CASE, 2006, ‘Sponsorship and Advertising in Schools - a Captive Audience?’ Campaign for State Education.

Clark, Su, 2004, ‘Advertising in Schools’, Times Education Supplement, 25 June.

Cole-Adams, K. 1993, ‘Soft Sell Goes to School’, Time Australia 8(46), pp. 52-5.

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CUES, 1995, ‘Captive Kids: Commercial Pressures on Kids at School’, New York, Consumers Union Education Services, prepared for Zillions: For Kids from Consumer Products.

DfES, et al. 2004, ‘Commercial Activities in Schools: Best Practice Principles pdf’, EdComs.

Drauglis, E. 2003, ‘NUT Advice on Using Commercial Materials in Schools pdf’, UK, National Union of Teachers, August.

Dunnewind, Stephanie, 2005, ‘"And Now, Class, a Word from Our Sponsors"’, The Seattle Times, 24 September.

Ely-Lawrence, Deborah, 1994, ‘Writing Classroom Materials That Make the Grade’, Public Relations Journal, April.

Fox, Roy F. 1996, Harvesting Minds: How TV Commercials Control Kids, Westport, Connecticut, Praeger.

Fox, Roy F. 1995, ‘Manipulated Kids: Teens Tell How Ads Influence Them’, Educational Leadership 53(1), pp. 77-9.

Freeman-Greene, Suzy, 2011, 'Beware the insidious creep of corporate marketing to our kids', The Age, 10 September.

Froese-Germain, Bernie, 2005, ‘National Survey of School Commercialism in Canada pdf’, Perspectives, vol 5, no 3.

GAO, 2000, ‘Commercial Activities in Schools', US Government Accountability Office, September.

GAO, 2004, ‘Commercial Activities in Schools', US Government Accountability Office, August.

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GMV Conseil (1998) ‘Marketing in Schools’, Brussels, European Commission, October.

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IQPC, 2003, 'Conference Brochure', Kid Power 2003, London, Victoria, 25-26 March.

Jacobson, Michael F. and Mazur, Laurie Ann, 1995, Marketing Madness, Boulder, Colorado, Westview Press.

Kaplan, George R. 1996, ‘Profits R Us: Notes on the Commercialization of America's Schools’, Phi Delta Kappan, vol 78, no 3.

Karpatkin, R. H. and Holmes, A. 1995, ‘Making Schools Ad-Free Zones’, Educational Leadership 53(1), pp. 72-6.

Klein, Naomi, 2000, No Logo, London, Harper Collins.

Lansley, Stewart, 1994, After the Gold Rush: The Trouble with Affluence: 'Consumer Capitalism' and the Way Forward, London, Century Business Books.

Lapp, David, 1994, ‘Private Gain, Public Loss’, Environmental Action, Spring.

Lazarus, Eve, 2004, ‘Cafeteria Blues’, Marketing Magazine, 19 January.

Levine, Jane, 2000, ‘Junk-Food Marketing Goes Elementary’, The Education Digest, vol 65, no 5.

Lewin, Tamar, 2006, ‘In Public Schools, the Name of the Game as Donor Lure’, New York Times, 26 January.

Manning, Steven, 2001, ‘The Littlest Coke Addicts’, The Nation, 25 June.

Manning, Steven, 1999, ‘Students for Sale’, The Nation, 27 September.

Mayer, Caroline E. 2003 ‘A Growing Marketing Strategy: Get 'Em While They're Young’, Washington Post, 3 June, p. A01.

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Molnar, Alex, 2006, ‘The Ninth Annual Report on Schoolhouse Commercialism Trends: 2005-2006’, Tempe, AZ, Commercialism in Education Research Unit (CERU), Arizona State University, November.

Molnar, Alex, 2005, School Commercialism: From Democratic Ideal to Market Commodity, New York, Routledge.

Noguchi, Sharon, 2011, 'Advertising Creeps Into Cash-Strapped Schools', San Jose Mercury News, 9 September.

NUT, 2004, ‘Briefing on School's Role in Promoting Child Health and Combating Commercialism’, National Union of Teachers, 9 November. (24kb pdf)

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Wyatt, Edward, 2000, ‘School Board Considers Deal to Swap Ads for Computers’, New York Times, 7 April.

Contributers' Updates and Examples

If you have any examples or updates you would like to contribute please email them to me and I will add them here. Please give references for where you sourced the information.