site logo

Business-Managed Democracy

“Business-managed democracies are those in which the political and cultural arrangements are managed in the interests of business”

Sharon Beder

References

Adams, William C., 1992, ‘The role of media relations in risk communication’, Public Relations Quarterly, Vol. 37, No. 4, pp. 28-32.

American Federation of Labor, 1913, ‘National Association of Manufacturers Exposed: Revelations of Senate Lobby Investigation’, Washington, DC, American Federation of Labor.

Bates, Don, 2002, ‘‘Mini-Me’ History: Public Relations from the Dawn of Civilization pdf’, Institute for Public Relations.

Beder, Sharon, 2006, Suiting Themselves: How Corporations Drive the Global Agenda, London, Earthscan.

Beder, Sharon, 2006, Free Market Missionaries: The Corporate Manipulation of Community Values, London, Earthscan.

Bittlingmayer, George, 1996, ‘Antitrust and Business Activity: The First Quarter Century’, Business History Review, Autumn.

Blyskal, Jeff and Blyskal, Marie, 1985, PR: How the Public Relations Industry Writes the News, New York, William Morrow and Co.

Carey, Alex, 1995, Taking the Risk out of Democracy, ed. Andrew Lohrey, Sydney, UNSW Press.

Carlisle, Johan, 1993, ‘Public Relationships: Hill and Knowlton, Robert Gray, and the CIA’, CovertAction, No. 4, pp. 19-25.

Carroll, William K. and Fennema, Meindert, 2002, ‘Is There a Transnational Business Community?’ International Sociology, vol 17, no 3, pp. 393-419.

Chandler, Alfred D. and Richard S. Tedlow, 1985, The Coming of Managerial Capitalism: A Casebook History of American Economic Institutions, Homewood, Illinois, Richard D. Irwin.

Chomsky Noam, 1989, Necessary Illusions: Thought Control in Democratic Societies (London: Pluto Press).

Croteau D, Hoynes W and Milan S. 2012, Media/Society: Industries, Images, and Audiences, London: Sage.

Delwiche, Aaron, 1995, ‘Why Think About Propaganda’, Institute for Propaganda Analysis.

Delwiche, Aaron, 1995, ‘Examples: How Newt Gingrich Uses These Techniques’, Institute for Propaganda Analysis.

Domhoff, G. William, 2002, Who Rules America? Power and Politics, 4th edn, New York, McGraw Hill.

Dohmhoff, G. William, 2005, 'Social Cohesion & the Bohemian Grove', WhoRulesAmerica.net, April.

Englander, Ernie and Kaufman, Allen, 2004, ‘The End of Managerial Ideology: From Corporate Social Responsibility to Corporate Social Indifference pdf’, Enterprise & Society, vol 5, no 3, pp. 404-450.

Fleming, Charles A. 1995, ‘Understanding Propaganda from a General Semantics Perspective’, Etc., Vol. 52, No. 1, pp. 2-12.

Galambos, Louis, 1975, The Public Image of Big Business in America, 1880-1940, Baltimore, The John Hopkins University Press.

Golden, Daniel, 2006, The Price of Admission: How America's Ruling Class Buys its Way into Elite Colleges — and who gets left outside the gates, Crown, New York.

Golden, L. L. L. 1968, Only by Public Consent, New York, Hawthorn Books.

Jones, Del, 2008, 'Some firms' fertile soil grows crop of future CEOs', USA Today, 9 January.

Kentor, Jeffrey and Jang, Yong Suk, 2004, ‘Yes, There Is a (Growing) Transnational Business Community: A Study of Global Interlocking Directorates 1983-98’, International Sociology, vol 19, no 3, 2004, pp. 355-368.

Lee, Alfred McClung and Elizabeth Briant Lee, 1995, ‘The iconography of propaganda analysis’, Etc., Vol. 52, No. 1, pp. 13-17.

Lee, Martin A. and Norman Solomon, 1990, Unreliable Sources: A Guide to Detecting Bias in News Media, New York: Carol Publishing Group.

Locke, Robert R. and J.C. Spender, 2011, Confronting Managerialism: How the Business Elite and Their Schools Threw Our Lives out of Balance, Zed Books, London.

Marchand, Roland, 1998, Creating the Corporate Soul: The Rise of Public Relations and Corporate Imagery in American Big Business, Berkeley, University of California Press.

Miller, David and William Dinan, 2008, A Century of Spin: How Public Relations Became the Cutting Edge of Corporate Power, Pluto Press, London.

Munday, Alicia , Arthur E. Rowse and Ana Arana, 1992, 'Is the Press any Match for Powerhouse PR?', Columbia Journalism Review, Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 27-34.

Nelson, Joyce, 1989, Sultans of Sleeze: Public Relations and the Media, Toronto: Between the Lines.

O'Shea, James and Charles Madigan, 1999, Dangerous Company: The Consulting Powerhouses and the Businesses they Save and Ruin, Nicholas Brealey Publishing, London.

Phillips, Peter Martin, 1994, 'A Relative Advantage: Sociology of the San Francisco Bohemian Club', PhD thesis, Sociology, University of California, Davis.

'Power Camps', Time, 20 July 1998, p. 44.

Raucher, Alan R. , 1968, Public Relations and Business 1900 -1929, Baltimore, The John Hopkins Press.

Schriftgiesser, Karl, 1951, The Lobbyists: The Art and Business of Influencing Lawmakers, Boston, Little, Brown & Co.

Seitel, Fraser P., 1995, The Practice of Public Relations, 6th ed., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Sklair, Leslie, 2000, ‘The transnational capitalist class and the discourse of globalization’, Cambridge Review of International Affairs14(1), pp. 67-85.

Sklair, Leslie, 2002, Globalization: Capitalism and Its Alternatives, Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Shoumatoff, Alex, 2009, ‘Bohemian Tragedy’, Vanity Fair, May.

Stauber, John C and Sheldon Rampton, 1995, Toxic Sludge is Good for You! Lies, Damn Lies and the Public Relations Industry. Monroe, Maine: Common Courage Press.

Tymson, Candy and Bill Sherman, 1990, The Australian Public Relations Manual, revised ed., Sydney: Millenium Books.

Useem, Michael, 1984, The Inner Circle: Large Corporations and the Rise of Business Political Activity in the U.S. And U.K., Oxford, Oxford University Press.

‘Violations of Free Speech and Rights of Labor’, Senate Committee on Education and Labour, 14 August 1939.

Walters, Lynne Masel and Timothy N Walters, 1992, ‘Environment of Confidence: Daily Newspaper Use of Press Releases’, Public Relations Review, Vol. 18, No. 1, pp. 31-46.

Weir, Kevin, 1994, 'The Power Elite at the Bohemian Grove: Has Anything Changed in the 1990s?', Critical Sociology 20, pp. 121-4.