site logo

Business-Managed Democracy

“Business-managed democracies are those in which the political and cultural arrangements are managed in the interests of business”

Sharon Beder

Business-Managed Environment


'A Climate of Corporate Control How Corporations Have Influenced the U.S. Dialogue on Climate Science and Policy', Union of Concerned Scientists, May 2012.

Adam, David, 2009, 'ExxonMobil continuing to fund climate sceptic groups, records show', The Guardian, 1 July.

Allen, Vicki, 1997, ‘Industries launch anti-climate treaty ad campaign’, Reuters News Service, 10 Sept.

Begley, Sharon, 2007, 'The Truth About Denial', Newsweek, 13 August.

Burton, Bob and Rampton, Sheldon, 1997, ‘Thinking Globally, Acting Vocally: The International Conspiracy to Overheat the Earth’, PR Watch, Vol. 4, No. 4.

Carpenter, Chad, 2001, 'Businesses, Green Groups and the Media: The Role of Non-Governmental Organisations in the Climate Change Debate', International Affairs 77(2), April, pp. 313-328.

Collier, Ute, 1997, ‘On the road to Kyoto: The dynamics of the international climate negotiations’, WGES Newsletter (Summer), pp. 13-18.

Deal, Carl, 1993, The Greenpeace Guide to Anti-Environmental Organizations, Odonian Press, Berkeley, California.

Diethelm, Pascal and Martin McKee, 2009, 'Denialism: what is it and how should scientists respond?', The European Journal of Public Health, 19(1), pp. 2-4.

Fyfe, Melissa, 2004, 'The global warming sceptics', The Age, 27 November.

Gelbspan, Ross, 1995, ‘The Heat is On: The Warming of the world’s climate sparks a blaze of denial’, Harper’s Magazine, December.

Giles, Jim, 2010, 'Giving Life to a Lie', New Scientist, 15 May, pp. 42-3.

Grandia, Kevin, 2009, 'Oil Lobby's 'Energy Citizens' Astroturf Campaign Exposed', Huffington Post, 13 August.

Green, Jim, 2001, 'Australia rains on greenhouse talks', Green Left Weekly, 1 August.

Greenpeace. (2010). Koch Industries: Secretly Funding the Climate Denial Machine pdf. Washington, DC: Greenpeace USA.

Helvarg, David, 1994, The War against the Greens: The “Wise-Use” Movement, the New Right, and Anti-Environmental Violence, Sierra Club Books, San Francisco.

Jackson, Liz, 2009, 'Heat on the Hill', 4 Corners, ABC TV, 9 March.

Jacques, Peter J., Riley E. Dunlap and Mark Freeman, 2008, 'The organisation of denial: Conservative think tanks and environmental scepticism', Environmental Politics 17(3), pp. 349-385.

Lavelle, Marianne, 2009, 'The ‘Clean Coal’ Lobbying Blitz', The Center for Public Integrity, 20 April.

Leake, Jonathan, 2005, 'The nuclear charm offensive', New Statesman, 23 May.

Lewis, Matthew, 2008, 'Big Coal’s Big-Time Lobby', The Center for Public Integrity, 25 August.

Lesly, Philip, 1992, ‘Coping with Opposition Groups’, Public Relations Review, Vol. 18, No. 4.

Littlemore, Richard, 2010, 'Manufacturing Doubt', New Scientist, 15 May, p. 41.

Luntz, s. 2001, 'Global Warming has its Sceptics', Australasian Science, Jan/Feb, p. 40.

'Making money out of climate change: a guide to the murky waters of lobbying in Copenhagen', Corporate Europe Observatory, Brussels, December 2009.

McCright, Aaron M. and Riley E. Dunlap, 2003, 'Defeating Kyoto: The conservative movement's impact on U.S. climate change policy', Social Problems 50(3), August, pp. 348-73.

Montague, Peter, 1995, 'Ignorance is Strength, Rachel’s Environment & Health Weekly, No 467.

Mufson, Steven, 2008, 'Coal Industry Plugs Into the Campaign', Washington Post, 18 January.

Mulkern, Anne C. , 2009, '"Citizen Army" Carries Coal's Climate Message to Hinterlands', New York Times, 6 August.

Pasternak, Judy, 2010, 'Nuclear energy lobby working hard to win support', Investigative Reporting Workshop, American University School of Communication, 24 January.

Pearce, Fred, 1997, “Greenhouse Wars”, New Scientist, 19 July, pp. 38-43.

Pearse, Guy, 2007, High & Dry: John Howard, climate change and the selling of Australia's future, Viking, London.

Rowell, Andrew, 1996, Green Backlash: Global Subversion of the Environment Movement, Routledge, London and New York.

Sample, Ian, 2009, 'Scientists offered cash to dispute climate study', The Guardian, 2 February.

Shermer, Michael, 2010, 'I am a sceptic, but I'm not a denier', New Scientist, 15 May, pp. 36-7.

Shulman, Seth, Abend, Kate and Meyer, Alden, 2007, Smoke, Mirrors & Hot Air: How ExxonMobil Uses Big Tobacco’s Tactics to Manufacture Uncertainty on Climate Science pdf. Union of Concerned Scientists, January.

Stevens, William K. 1998, ‘The Ad Campaign: Global Warming, or Hot Air?’, New York Times, 3rd October, p. 6.

Ties That Blind: Case Studies of Corporate Influence on Climate Change Policy pdf, Ozone Action, 1997.

Wilkenfeld, George, Hamilton, Clive and Saddler, Hugh, 2007, '‘Clean coal’ and other greenhouse myths pdf', The Australia Institute, Research paper no. 49, August 2007 .