In 1916 NAM played a key role in the creation of the National Industrial Conference Board (later named the Conference Board), which would feed ‘pertinent economic facts’ into NAM’s campaign to oppose unions and progressive legislation, such as child labour laws; organize ‘joint deliberation and joint action by the manufacturers of the country’; ‘command the attention of Government’; and promote a better public understanding of the ‘character, scope, and importance of industry’.
The Conference Board is today a global organisation headquartered in the US. It calls itself "the world’s preeminent business membership and research organization" and publishes The Conference Board Review, a magazine of "ideas and opinions for the world's business leaders".
The Conference Board shapes government policy "by creating dynamic communities of interest that bring together senior executives from around the world". Board personnel "conduct research, convene conferences, make forecasts, assess trends, publish information and analysis, and bring executives together to learn from one another."