site logo

Business-Managed Democracy

“Business-managed democracies are those in which the political and cultural arrangements are managed in the interests of business”

Sharon Beder

Business-Managed Education


Baker, Mike, 2006, ‘Who Will Run 'Trust' Schools?’ BBC News, 10 March.

Beare, Hedley, 1998, ‘'Enterprise': The New Metaphor for Schooling in a Post-Industrial Society’, in Tony Townsend (ed) The Primary School in Changing Times: The Australian Experience, London, Routledge, pp. 3-20.

Beckett, Francis, 2007, ‘Why the Academies Programme Is Unfair’, The Independent, 22 April.

Beckett, Francis, 2003, ‘How the Private Sector Failed to Deliver’, New Statesman, 14 April, pp. 28-9.

Borja, Rhea R. 2006, ‘Analysts Debate Long-Term Viability of EMO Model’, Education Week, 9 August, p. 10.

Brennan, Deborah and Mab Oloman, 2009, 'Child Care in Australia: A market failure and spectacular public policy disaster', Our Schools, Our Selves, Spring.

Carnoy, Martin, Jacobsen, Rebecca, Mishel, Lawrence, & Rothstein, Richard, 2005, ‘The Charter School Dust-Up: Examining the Evidence on Enrollment and Achievement’, Washington, DC, Economic Policy Institute.

Charter Schools’, Education Week, vol 27, no 5, 2007.

Darling-Hammond, Linda, 2004, ‘From 'Separate but Equal' to 'No Child Left Behind'’, in Deborah Meier and George Wood (eds) Many Children Left Behind: How the No Child Left Behind Act Is Damaging Our Children and Our Schools, Boston, Mass., Beacon Press, pp. 3-32.

Dfes, 2006, ‘What Trust Schools Offer pdf’, Department for Education and Skills, February.

Dfes, 2005, ‘Higher Standards, Better Schools for All: More Choice for Parents and Pupils’, Department for Education and Skills, October.

Dfes, 2004, ‘Five Year Stategy for Children and Learners’, Department for Education and Skills, July.

Eason, Gary, 2006, ‘School Results Tables under Fire’, BBC News, 19 January.

Farnsworth, Kevin, 2006, ‘Business in Education: A Reassessment of the Contribution of Outsourcing to Lea Performance’, Journal of Education Policy, vol 21, no 4, pp. 485-96.

Finnigan, Kate, Adelman, Nancy, Anderson, Lee, Cotton, Lynyonne, Donnelly, Mary Beth, & Price, Tiffany, 2004, Evaluation of the Public Charter Schools Program: Final Report. Washington, DC: Policy and Program Studies Service, US Dept. of Education.

Fredriksson, Ulf, 2004, ‘Studying the Supra-National in Education: GATS, Education and Teacher Union Policies’, European Educational Research Journal, vol 3, no 2, pp. 415-441.

Freedman, Lisa, 2010, 'Do academy schools really work?', Prospect Magazine, 24 February.

Giresi, Joan Capuzzi, 2006, ‘Earning Their Wings’, Penn Arts & Sciences Magazine, Spring, pp. 15-17.

Giroux, Henry A. 2000, Stealing Innocence: Youth, Corporate Power, and the Politics of Culture, New York, St. Martin's Press.

Grann, David, 1999, ‘Back to Basics’, The New Republic, 7 May.

Hatcher, Richard and Bill Anderson, 2006, ‘Labour's Transformation of the School System in England’, Our Schools, Our Selves, vol 15, no 3, pp. 163-180.

Hattersley, Roy, 2005, ‘And Now, over to Our Sponsors’, The Guardian, 6 June.

Headden, Susan, 2006, ‘Two Guys... And a Dream’, US News and World Report, 20 February.

Karp, Stan, 2004, ‘NCLB's  Selective Vision of Equality: Some Gaps Count More Than Others’, in Deborah Meier and George Wood (eds) Many Children Left Behind: How the No Child Left Behind Act Is Damaging Our Children and Our Schools, Boston, Mass., Beacon Press, pp. 53-65.

Karp, Stan, 2006, ‘Leaving Public Education Behind: The Bush Agenda in American Education’, Our Schools, Our Selves, vol 15, no 3, pp. 181-96.

Kohn, Alfie, 2004, ‘NCLB and the Effort to Privatize Public Education’, in Deborah Meier and George Wood (eds) Many Children Left Behind: How the No Child Left Behind Act Is Damaging Our Children and Our Schools, Boston, Mass., Beacon Press, pp. 79-97.

Lack, Brian, 2009, 'No Excuses: A Critique of the Knowledge Is Power Program (KIPP) within Charter Schools in the USA pdf', Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 127-153.

Mansell, Warwick, 2009, 'Are academies just 'a ludicrously expensive con-trick'?', The Guardian, 1 December.

Miner, Barbara, 2002, ‘For-Profits Target Education’, in Alfie Kohn and Patrick Shannon (eds) Education, Inc. Turning Learning into a Business, revised ed. Portsmouth, NH, Heinemann, pp. 131-9.

Miner, Barbara, 2002, ‘Business Goes to School: The for-Profit Corporate Drive to Run Public Schools’, Multinational Monitor, January/February, pp. 13-16.

Miron, Gary and Brooks Applegate, 2007, ‘Teacher Attrition in Charter Schools pdf’, Education Policy Research Unit (EPRU), Arizona State  University and Education and the Public Interest Center (EPIC), University of Colorado at Boulder, May.

Miron, Gary, Coryn, Chris, & Mackety, Dawn, 2007, 'Evaluating the Impact of Charter Schools on Student Achievement: A longitudinal look at the Great Lakes States', Education Policy Research Unit (EPRU), Arizona State University and Education and the Public Interest Center (EPIC), University of Colorado at Boulder.

Moberg, David, 2004, ‘How Edison Survived’, Nation, 15 March, pp. 22-4.

Molnar, Alex, 2005, School Commercialism: From Democratic Ideal to Market Commodity, New York, Routledge.

Molnar, Alex, Garcia, David R, Bartlett, Margaret, & O'Neill, Adrienne, 2006, Profiles of For-Profit Education Management Organizations: Eighth Annual Report 2005-2006 pdf, Tempe, AZ: Education Policy Studies Laboratory, Arizona State University.

Molnar, Alex, Garcia, David R, Miron, Gary, & Berry, Shannon, 2007, Profiles of for-Profit Education Management Organizations: Ninth Annual Report 2006-2007 pdf, Tempe, AZ, Education Policy Studies Laboratory, Arizona State University, May.

Molnar, Alex, Gary Miron and Jessica Urschel, 2008, ‘Profiles of for-Profit Education Management Organizations’, EPIC and CERU, Arizona State University, AZ, July.

Moran, Chris, 2003, ‘Push Is on for Charter Schools’, San Diego Union-Tribune, 22 October.

Morrow, Ann, Blackburn, Jean, & Gill, Judithm 1998, ‘Public Education: From Public Domain to Private Enterprise?’, in Alan Reid (ed.), Going Public: Education Policy and Public Education in Australia, Canberra, Australian Curriculum Studies Association (ACSA), pp. 9–17.

Muir, Ed, 2007, ‘Are Charter Schools a Threat?’, American Teacher, vol 91, no 4, p. 22.

National Education Association, 1998, ‘For-Profit Management of Schools’, CorpWatch, 8 July.

National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2003, ‘America’s Charter Schools: Results from the NAEP 2003 Pilot Study’, US Department of Education.

O'Reilly, Brian, 2002, 'Why Edison doesn't work', Fortune, 9 December, pp. 146, 149.

Outsourcing’, National Union of Teachers, January, 2005.

Ozga, Jenny, 2002, ‘Education Governance in the United Kingdom: The Modernisation Project’, European Educational Research Journal, vol 1, no 2, pp. 331-41.

Privatization of Public Education: A Joint Venture of Charity and Power’, Washington DC, People for the American Way Foundation, 20 April 1999.

Public Schools Inc.: Inside Edison’s Schools’, Frontline, PBS, 3 July 2003.

Ravitch, Diane, 2010, 'Why I Changed My Mind', The Nation, 14 June.

Reining in Charter Schools’, New York Times, 10 May, 2006.

Regan, Bernard, 2002, ‘Education for Sale’.

Robertson, Heather-Jane , 2005, ‘The Many Faces of Privatization’, Our Schools, Our Selves, vol 14, no 4, pp. 43-59.

Rush, Emma, 2006, ‘Child Care Quality in Australia pdf’, Canberra, The Australia Institute, April.

Russell, Jeanne, 2005, ‘Charter Schools Sets Kids' Sights on College’, San Antonio Express News, 9 January.

Saltman, Kenneth, 2005, The Edison Schools: Corporate Schooling and the Assault on Public Education, New York, NY, Routledge.

Schemo, Diana Jean, 2004, ‘A Second Report Shows Charter School Students Not Performing as Well as Other Students’, New York Times, 16 December.

Smith, Alexandra, 2007, ‘Concern over High Academy Exclusion Rates’, The Guardian, 29 January.

Smith, Alexandra, 2007, ‘What Are Trust Schools?’ The Guardian, 9 February.

Smithers, Rebecca, 2006, ‘Failed Academy Has Not Got Any Better, Says Ofsted’, The Guardian, 20 March.

Smithers, Rebecca, 2005, ‘Researchers Raise More Doubts on City Academies’, The Guardian, 30 June.

Smithers, Rebecca and Matthew Taylor, 2006, ‘The People Versus Academies’, The Guardian, 13 June.

Spring, Joel, 2002, Political Agendas for Education: From the Religious Right to the Green Party, Mahwah, NJ, Lawrence Erlbaum.

Sudetic, Chuck, 2001, ‘Reading, Writing, and Revenue’, Mother Jones, May/June.

Swinehart, Lisa, 2005, ‘Charter Schools Don't Solve Real Problems’, The Humanist, vol 65, no 5.

Symonds, WC, AT Palmer, D. Lindorf, J. McCann, 2000 ‘For-Profit Schools: They’re Spreading Fast’, Business Week, 7 February.

Taylor, Matthew, 2006, ‘Academies Fail to Improve Results, Study Says’, The Guardian, 22 May.

Taylor, Matthew, 2005, ‘City Academies Accused of Deserting Poor’, The Guardian, 31 October.

The Privatisation of Education - an Overview’, National Union of Teachers, 8 July 2004.

‘To Market, to Market: Privatising State Education’, Australian Education Union, May, 1996

Wilgoren, Jodi, 2000, ‘Seeking to Clone Schools of Success for Poor’, New York Times, 16 August.

Whitty, Geoff, 2002, Making Sense of Education Policy: Studies in the Sociology and Politics of Education, London, Sage, 2002.

Wood, George, 2004, ‘A View from the Field: NCLB's Effects on Classrooms and Schools’, in Deborah Meier and George Wood (eds) Many Children Left Behind: How the No Child Left Behind Act Is Damaging Our Children and Our Schools, Boston, Mass., Beacon Press, 2004, pp. 33-50.

Woodward, Tali, 2002, ‘Edison’s Failing Grade’, CorpWatch, 20 June.

If you have any examples or updates you would like to contribute please email them to me and I will add them here. Please give references for where you sourced the information.