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Business-Managed Democracy

“Business-managed democracies are those in which the political and cultural arrangements are managed in the interests of business”

Sharon Beder

Business-Managed Environment


‘Battle(s) for the Soul of Environmentalism’, New Options 65, 26 March 1990.

Beder, Sharon, 1991, Activism versus Negotiation: Strategies for the Environment Movement, Social Alternatives 10(4), December, pp53-56.

Beder, Sharon, 1994, The Hidden Messages Within Sustainable Development, Social Alternatives 13(2), July, pp. 8-12.

Beder, Sharon, 1996, The Nature of Sustainable Development, 2nd ed. Scribe, Newham, Victoria.

Beder, Sharon, 1999, From Green Warriors to Greenwasherspdf, PR Watch, 6(3), pp. 8-12.

Beder, Sharon, 1999, Through the Revolving Door: From Greenpeace to Big Businesspdf, PR Watch, 6(3), pp. 1-4.

Beder, Sharon, 1999/2000, Beder, Hijacking Sustainable Development: A Critique of Corporate Environmentalism, Chain Reaction 81, Summer, pp, 8-10.

Beder, Sharon, 2006, The Changing Face of Conservation: Commodification, Privatisation and the Free Market in Gaining Ground: In Pursuit of Ecological Sustainability, edited by D. M. Lavigne, International Fund for Animal Welfare, Guelph, Canada & University of Limerick, Ireland, pp. 83-97.

Bernstein, Steven, 2001, The Compromise of Liberal Environmentalism, Columbia University Press.

Cockburn, Alexander and Ken Silverstein, 1996, Washington Babylon, Verso, London.

Cotgrove, Stephen, 1982, Catastrophe or Cornucopia: The Environment, Politics and the Future, John Wiley & Sons.

Dowie, Mark, 2002, American Foundations: An Investigative History, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.

Dowie, Mark, 1995, Losing Ground: American Environmentalism at the Close of the Twentieth Century, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.

Doyle, Timothy, 1990, 'Environmental Movement Power Brokers', Philosophy and Social Action 16(8), pp. 37-52.

Doyle, Timothy, 2000, Green Power: The Environment Movement in Australia, UNSW Press, Sydney.

Fisher, Dana R., 2006, Activism, Inc. How the Outsourcing of Grassroots Campaigns Is Strangling Progressive Politics in America, Stanford University Press, Stanford, California.

Fricker, Ally, 1990, ‘Will the Australian Ecology Movement Please Stand Up? An Activist’s Perspective’ in Ken Dyer and John Young (eds.), Changing Directions: The Proceedings of Ecopolitics IV, University of Adelaide.

Ghazi, Polly, 1996, ‘A grubby shade of green’, New Statesman, 8 November, pp. 28-9.

Gitlin Todd, 1980, The Whole World is Watching: Mass Media in the Making and Unmaking of the New Left, Berkeley: University of California Press.

Gottlieb, Robert, 1993, Forcing the Spring: The Transformation of the American  Environmental Movement, Island Press, Washington DC.

Hamilton, Clive and Andrew Macintosh, 2004, Taming the Panda: The Relationship between WWF Australia and the Howard Governmentpdf, Discussion Paper no. 68, The Australia Institute, July.

Hari, Johann, 2010, 'The Wrong Kind of Green', The Nation, 4 March.

Harris James, 1992, 'Working with environmental groups', Public Relations Journal, May, pp. 24-25.

Hoberg, George 1993, ‘Environmental policy: Alternative styles’, in Governing Canada: Institutions and Public Policy, ed Michael Atkinson, Harcourt Brace, Toronto.

Maddison, Sarah, Richard Denniss and Clive Hamilton, 2004, 'Silencing Dissent: Non-government organisations and Australian democracypdf', Discussion Paper number 65, The Australia Institute, Canberra, June.

Manes, Christopher, 1990, Green Rage: Radical Environmentalism and the Unmaking of Civilization, Little, Brown & Co, 1990.

Martin, Brian, 1984, 'Environmentalism and Electoralism', The Ecologist 14(3), pp. 110-118.

Notion, Hazel, 1990, ‘Greenpeace - Getting a Piece of the Green Action’, Philosophy and Social Action, 16(3) 1990.

O’Riordan, Timothy, 1981, Environmentalism, 2nd edition, Pion, London.

Orton, David, 1990, 'Sustainable Development: Expanded Environmental Destructionpdf', Green Web/WellSpring, Web Bulletin #16, February.

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St. Clair, Jeffrey and Alexander Cockburn, 2002, ‘From Greenpeace to Greenwash’, Counter Punch, 10 January.

St. Clair, Jeffrey and Bernardo Issel, 1997, ‘A Field Guide to the Environmental Movement’, In These Times, 28 July.

Stauber, John and Sheldon Rampton S. 1995/96, 'Deforming Consent: The public relations industry's secret war on activists', CovertAction Quarterly 55, pp. 18-25, 57.

Sydee, Jasmin and Sharon Beder, 2006, ‘The Right Way to Go? Earth Sanctuaries and Market-based Conservationpdf’ ,Capitalism Nature Society 17(1) March, pp. 83-98.

Tighe, Phil and Ros Taplin, 1990, ‘Australian Environmental Politics: An Analysis of Past and Present Issues’ in Ken Dyer and John Young (eds.), Changing Directions: The Proceedings of Ecopolitics IV, University of Adelaide.