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Business-Managed Democracy

“Business-managed democracies are those in which the political and cultural arrangements are managed in the interests of business”

Sharon Beder

Business-Managed Education


‘Australia's Petroleum Industry Goes Back to School’, Petroleum Gazette, vol 30, no 1, 1995.

Beder, Sharon, 2006, Free Market Missionaries: The Corporate Manipulation of Community Values, London, Earthscan.

CLEAR, 1999, ‘Get 'Em While They're Young: Oil and Gas Industry to Target School Kids in Re-Focus of PR Campaign’, CLEAR View, 2 March.

‘Commercial Pressures on Kids at Schools’, Education Digest, vol 61, no 1, 1995.

Conning, Neil, 2002, ‘The Enterprising School: A Guide for the Development of Enterprise Education in Schools’, Carlton South, Vic, Curriculum Corporation.

'Consumers or Citizens: an UNPLUG report', The Center for Commercial-Free Public Education, 1996.

CUES, 1995, ‘Captive Kids: Commercial Pressures on Kids at School’, New York, Consumers Union Education Services, prepared for Zillions: For Kids from Consumer Products.

David, Laurie, 2006, ‘Science a La Joe Camel’, Washington Post, 26 November.

Davies, Howard, 2002. ‘A Review of Enterprise and the Economy in Education’, Department for children, schools and families (DFES), February.

Drauglis, E. 2003, ‘NUT Advice on Using Commercial Materials in Schools pdf’, UK, National Union of Teachers, August.

Fried, John J. 1994, ‘Ongoing Corporate Polluters Flood Schools with Environmental Lesson Aids’, Knight-Ridder/Tribune Business News, 28 March.

Harty, Sheila, 1979, Hucksters in the Classroom: A Review of Industry Propaganda in Schools, Washington, DC, Center for Study of Responsive Law.

Isles, Jacqueline, 1989, ‘Corporations in the Classroom’, Consuming Interest, vol 42, no October.

Jacobson, Michael F. and Mazur, Laurie Ann, 1995, Marketing Madness, Boulder, Colorado, Westview Press.

Karpatkin, Rhoda H. and Holmes, Anita, 1995, ‘Making Schools Ad-Free Zones’, Educational Leadership 53(1).

Lapp, David, 1994, ‘Private Gain, Public Loss’, Environmental Action, Spring, 1994.

Levine, Jane, 2000, ‘Junk-Food Marketing Goes Elementary’, The Education Digest, vol 65, no 5.

Lewis, Kate and Massey, Claire, 2003, ‘Delivering Enterprise Education in New Zealand’, Education + Training, vol 45, no 4.

Lindstrom, Martin, 2003, Brand Child: Remarkable Insights into the Minds of Today's Global Kids and Their Relationships with Brands, London, Kogan Page.

Maier, Mark, 2002, ‘Corporate Curriculum’, Rethinking Schools Online, Summer.

Maier, Mark, 2001, ‘Teaching About Stocks - for Fun and Propaganda’, Dollars & Sense, March, pp. 28.

Nelson, Julie A. and Sheffrin, Steven M., 1991, ‘Economic Literacy or Economic Ideology’, Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol 5, no 3, pp. 157-65.

NUT, 2004, ‘Education Not Exploitation’, National Union of Teachers, 9 November.

Powell, Sian and Zuel, Bernard, 1993, ‘Marketers' Influence over Young Challenged’, Sydney Morning Herald, 3 September.

Schor, Juliet B. 2004, Born to Buy: The Commercialized Child and the New Consumer Culture, New York, Scribner.

Smyth, John, 1999, ‘ Schooling and Enterprise Culture: Pause for a Critical Policy Analysis’, Journal of Education Policy, vol 14, no 4.

Weil, Zoe, 2000, ‘The Business of Brainwashing’, Animals' Agenda, vol 20, no 1.

Contributers' Updates and Examples

If you have any examples or updates you would like to contribute please email them to me and I will add them here. Please give references for where you sourced the information.