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Business-Managed Democracy

“Business-managed democracies are those in which the political and cultural arrangements are managed in the interests of business”

Sharon Beder

Business-Managed Government


Bakan, Joel, 2004, The Corporation: The Pathological Pursuit of Profit and Power, New York, The Free Press.

Balanyá, Belén, Ann Doherty, Olivier Hoedeman, Adam Ma'anit, Erik Wesselius, 2000, Europe Inc. Regional and Global Restructuring and the Rise of Corporate Power, London, Pluto Press.

Barker, D. and J. Mander. 1999. ‘Invisible Government. The World Trade Organization: Global Government for the New Millennium.’ Sausalito, CA: International Forum on Globalization (IFG). October.

Braithwaite, John, & Drahos, Peter. 2000. Global Business Regulation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Brittan, Leon, 2000, A Diet of Brussels: The Changing Face of Europe, London, Little, Brown and Company.

Catley, Bob, 1996, Globalising Australian Capitalism, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Clarke, Tony, c.1999. ‘By What Authority! Unmasking and Challenging the Global Corporations' Assault on Democracy through the World Trade Organization pdf’, Polaris Institute and International Forum on Globalization.

Cohen, Marjorie Griffin, 2002, ‘From Public Good to Private Exploitation: Electricity Deregulaton, Privatization and Continental Integration pdf’, Nova Scotia, Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, July.

Corporate Globalization Fact Sheet’, CorpWatch, 22 March, 2001.

Cowhey, Peter F. and Jonathan D. Aronson, 1993, Managing the World Economy: The Consequences of Corporate Alliances, New York, Council on Foreign Relations Press.

Drahos, Peter, & Braithwaite, John. 2004. ‘Who owns the Knowledge Economy? Political Organising Behind TRIPS’. The Corner House Briefing (32), September.

Dryden, Steve, 1995, Trade Warriors: USTR and the American Crusade for Free Trade, New York, Oxford University Press.

ESF Second Position Paper on Public Procurement in Services pdf’, European Services Forum, 25 November, 2002.

Esty, Daniel C. 2002. ‘The World Trade Organization's Legitimacy Crisis’, World Trade Review, vol 1, no 1, pp. 7-22.

Farnsworth, Clyde H. 1990, ‘Winners and Losers in Trade Talks’, The New York Times, 29 November, p. D1.

Gonzalez, Gustavo, 1999, ‘Chilean Forestry Project a Symbol of Fight against WTO’, in Who Owns the WTO? Corporations and Global Trade, Corporate Watch.

Goodman, James and Patricia Ranald, (eds), 2000. Stopping the Juggernaut: Public Interest Versus the Multilateral Agreement on Investment. Sydney: Pluto Press.

Hilary, John, 2004, ‘Divide and Rule: The EU and US Response to Developing Country Alliances at the WTO pdf’, ActionAid International, July.

Hoedeman, Oliver, Belén Balanyá, Adam Ma'anit, Erik Wesselius, 1998, ‘MAIgalomania: The New Corporate Agenda’, The Ecologist, vol 28, no 3, pp. 154-161.

Hurtado, Maria Elena. 1999. More Power to the World Trade Organisation? The International Trade Controversy (Briefing No. 37). London: Panos.

Industries Assistance Commission, 1989, International Initiatives to Liberalise Trade in Services, Inquiry into International Trade in Services, Canberra, Australian Government Publishing Service.

Kwa, Aileen. 2003. Power Politics in the WTO. Bangkok: Focus on the Global South.

Montague, Peter, 1999, ‘The WTO and Free Trade’, Rachel's Environment & Health Weekly, 21 October.

Norman, Peter, 1991, ‘London Summit Headlines Mask Main Agenda’, Financial Times, 8 July, p. 13.

Palast, Gregory, 2001, ‘Necessity Is Mother of Gats Intervention’, The Observer, 15 April.

Paulson, Michael, 1999, ‘Business Leaders Fight Back against Anti-WTO Forces’, in Who Owns the WTO? Corporations and Global Trade, Corporate Watch.

Peng, M. K. K. 1990. The Uruguay Round and Third World Sovereignty. Penang, Malaysia: Third World Network.

Presidential Candidates’ Key Proposals on Health Care and Climate Will Require WTO Modifications pdf’. Public Citizen. February 2008.

Raghavan, Chakravarthi. 1990. Recolonization: GATT, the Uruguay Round & the Third World, London, Zed Books.

Ryan, Michael P. 1998. Knowledge Diplomacy: Global Competition and the Politics of Intellectual Property. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press.

Santoro, Michael A., & Paine, Lynn Sharp. 1995. Pfizer: Global Protection of Intellectual Property, Harvard Business School.

Schott, Jeffrey J. and Jayashree Watal, 2000, ‘Decision-Making in the WTO’, Institute for International Economics, March.

Steinberg, Richard H. 2002. ‘In the Shadow of Law or Power? Consensus-Based Bargaining and Outcomes in the GATT/WTO.' International Organization 56 (2), pp. 339-374.

Stone, Peter H. 1994. ‘GATT-Ling Guns.' The National Journal 26 (27). 2 July, p. 1571.

Van Bennedom, Sander  and Manus Van Brakel, 1992, ‘Will GATT Undermine UNCED? An Analysis of the Environmental Implications of GATT Policies’, Friends of the Earth Netherlands.

Wesselius, Erik, 2002, ‘Behind GATS 2000: Corporate Power at Work pdf’, Amsterdam, Transnational Institute, May.

Wesselius, Erik, 2001, ‘Liberalisation of Trade in Services: Corporate Power at Work’, GATSwatch.

Wheat, Andrew. 1994. ‘A Year in the Life of the GATT Business Lobby.' Multinational Monitor October.

WTO and Water: The EU's Crusade for Corporate Expansion’, Corporate Europe Observatory, 2005.