site logo

Business-Managed Democracy

“Business-managed democracies are those in which the political and cultural arrangements are managed in the interests of business”

Sharon Beder

Business-Managed Government

Early Business Lobbies


The role of multinational corporations in incorporating services into the free trade agenda is undisputed. David Hartridge, Director of the WTO Services Division till 2001, admitted that ‘without the enormous pressure generated by the American financial services sector, particularly companies like American Express and Citicorp, there would have been no services agreement.’


The crucial role of Coalition of Service Industries (CSI) in getting the GATS agreement included in the Uruguay Round has been widely recognized.  It has also been involved in negotiations over other free trade agreements between the US and other countries. By these means it seeks to increase business opportunities for its members in foreign countries.

American ExpressCoalition of Service Industries
back to top