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Business-Managed Democracy

“Business-managed democracies are those in which the political and cultural arrangements are managed in the interests of business”

Sharon Beder

Business-Managed Environment


Arnold, Ron, 1992, ‘Transcript of Closing Remarks’ Paper presented at the Maine Conservation Rights Institute Second Annual Congress, 20th April.

Arnold, Ron and Alan Gottlieb, 1993, Trashing the Economy: How runaway Environmentalism is Wrecking America (Bellevue, Washington: Free Enterprise Press).

Baum, Dan, 1991, ‘Wise Guise’, Sierra (May/June 1991), pp. 71-3, 92-3.

Brick, Phil, 1995, ‘Determined Opposition: The Wise Use Movement Challenges Environmentalism’, Environment, Vol. 37, No. 8, pp. 17-20, 36-42.

Burke, William Kevin, 1994, ‘The Wise Use Movement: Right-wing anti-environmentalism’, Propaganda Review, No. 11, pp. 4-10.

Collins, Clark, 1995, ‘Off Highway Vehicle Enthusiast Input Needed on Endangered Species Act (ESA) Reauthorization’, (BlueRibbon Coalition).

Deal, Carl, 1993, The Greenpeace Guide to Anti-Environmental Organizations (Berkeley, California: Odian Press).

Echeverria, J. D. and Eby, R. B. (eds), 1995, Let the People Judge, Washington, DC, Island Press.

Gottlieb, Alan, ed. 1989, The Wise Use Agenda: The Citizen’s Policy Guide to Environmental Resource Issues (Bellevue: The Free Enterprise Press).

Grumbine, Edward, 1994, ‘Wildness, Wise Use, and Sustainable Development’, Environmental Ethics, Vol. 16 (Fall 1994), pp. 227-49.

Helvarg, David, 1994,The War Against the Greens: The “Wise-Use” Movement, the New Right, and Anti-Environmental Violence (San Francisco: Sierra Club Books).

Helvarg, David, 1994, ‘Anti-Enviros are Getting Uglier’, The Nation (November 28), pp. 646-51.

Helvarg, David, 1995, ‘Red Herrings of the Wise Use Movement’, The Progressive (November), pp. 18-20.

Maughan, Ralph and Douglas Nilson, 1994, ‘What’s Old and What’s New About the Wise Use Movement’, GreenDisk, Vol. 3, No. 3.

Ness, Erik, 1995, ‘Taking it All Away: The Private-Property Movement Carves up America’, The Progressive (November), pp. 21-3.

O’Callaghan, Kate, 1992, ‘Whose Agenda For America?’, Audubon (September/October), pp. 80-91.

O’Keefe, Micheal and Kevin Daley ,1993, ‘Checking the right’, Buzzworm, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 38-44.

Poole, William, 1992, ‘Neither wise nor well’, Sierra (Nov/Dec 1992), pp. 59-61, 88-93.

Rauber, Paul, 1995, ‘Wit and Wisdom of the Wise Users’, Sierra, Vol. 80, No. 6, pp. 31,33.

Ridgeway, James and Jeffrey St.Clair, 1995, ‘Where The Buffalo Roam: The Wise Use Movement Plays on Every Western Fear’, Village Voice, July 11, pp. 14-16.

Roush, Jon, 1995, ‘Freedom and Responsibility: What we can learn from the Wise Use Movement’,  in John D. Echeverria and Raymond Booth Eby (eds), Let the People Judge (Washington, DC: Island Press), pp. 1-10.

Rowell, Andrew, 1996, Green Backlash: Global Subversion of the Environment Movement (London and New York: Routledge).

Satchell, Michael, 1991, ‘Any color but green’, U.S.News & World Report, October 21, pp. 74-6.

Stapleton, Richard, 1992, ‘Green vs. green’, National Parks (November/December), pp. 32-7.

Tokar, Brian, 1995, ‘The “Wise Use” Backlash: Responding to Militant Anti-Environmentalism’, The Ecologist, Vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 150-6.