amphibian This refers to a class of animals that spend part of their time on land and part in the water; they are an intermediate form between fishes and reptiles. Members of this class include frogs, toads, and salamanders.
biogeography The study of the distribution of different species of organisms around the planet and the factors that influenced that distribution.
cosmology the study of the universe's origin, structure, and evolution; a theory of the origin and structure of the universe.
fulvic acids High molecular weight organic acids resulting from plant decay.
humic acids High molecular weight organic acids which can be extracted from soils and near-surface sediments with aqueous base. They are derived from the decomposition products of plant and bacterial remains.

The branch of physical geography concerned with the behavior of water in the atmosphere, on the surface of the earth and underground.
The science dealing with the properties, distribution and circulation of water.


Pertaining to liquids (especially water) in motion and the mechanics of that motion.

macroalgae Multicellular algae (green, blue-green and red algae)
macrophytes A member of the macroscopic plant life of an area, especially of a body of water; large aquatic plant.
macroscopic large enough to be observed by the naked eye
montane a section of a mountainous region below the timberline having cool, moist temperatures and dominated by evergreen trees
palaeoenvironment Environment (including the climate, plant life, air water, minerals, organisms, etc) in the geologic past, that is the period of time extending from the formation of the earth to the present




The average state or typical conditions of climate during some past geologic period.

The branch of science dealing with causes of climatic changes; relationships between climate and sedimentation; climatic factors and the geological record.

palaeorecord Record of past events, particularly prehistoric.

The branch of science dealing with microscopic, decay-resistant remains of certain plants and animals, particularly pollen and spores, living and fossil.


Partially reduced plant or wood material, containing approximately 60 percent carbon and 30 percent oxygen. An intermediate material in process of coal formation.

propagule A structure with the capacity to give rise to a new plant, e.g. a seed, a spore, or a part of the vegetative body capable of independent growth if detached from the parent.


coarse, grassy, rushlike or flaglike plants growing in wet places

topographic the configuration of a land surface, including its relief.
topogenic existing because of unusual topography and groundwater inputs that supplement precipitation

turbid water


water that is cloudy with suspended particles

Lack of transparency of fluids due to their light-scattering suspended solids

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This site has been designed, researched and produced by Sharon Beder

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