Environment in Crisis

Environmental Impact Assessment


What is EIA?
Definition of an EIS
Why do an EIS?

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Objectives of EIA
  • ensuring environmental factors are considered in the decision-making process
  • ensuring that possible adverse environmental impacts are identified and avoided or minimised
  • informing the public about the proposal

Other Advantages of EIA:

  • facilitates the design of a monitoring programme
  • allows people to examine the underlying need for a project
  • gives people the opportunity to identify problems
  • helps a developer to design a more publicly acceptable project
  • exploration of alternatives can help identify cost-saving and other beneficial changes

According to a United Nations Environment Program Training Resource Manual the main advantages and benefits of EIA are:

  • improved project design/siting;
  • more informed decision-making;
  • more environmentally sensitive decisions;
  • increased accountability and transparency during the development process;
  • improved integration of projects into their environmental and social setting;
  • reduced environmental damage;
  • more effective projects in terms of meeting their financial and/or socio-economic objectives; and
  • a positive contribution toward achieving sustainability.

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© 2003 Sharon Beder