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Context - The Hippies
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The first wave of modern environmentalism was associated with the counter-culture movement of the 1960s and 1970s. It grew out of traditional nature conservation concerns into an awareness of the potential for a global ecological crisis. First-wave environmentalists, following the protest mood of the times, did not hesitate to blame industry, western culture, economic growth and technology for environmental problems. A writer at the time wrote:

Their professed aim is nothing less than the subversion of Western society by 'flower power' and force of example... Its disciples, who have little use for definitions, are mostly young and generally thoughtful Americans who are unable to reconcile themselves to the stated values and implicit contradictions of contemporary Western society, and have become internal emigres, seeking individual liberation through means as various as drug use, total withdrawal from the economy and the quest for individual identity. (Joe David Brown, ed., The Hippies, Time Inc, New York, 1967, pp.1-2.)

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© 2001 Sharon Beder